″Afghan Transit″ is one of the recent projects undertaken by the IRU in the framework of its New Euroasian Road Transport Initiative (NELTI) aimed at the development of road transport from Europe and China to Afghanistan. The project had its official start in July 2009 when IRU set up a Working Group on Afghan Transit (ATWG) and held three consecutive meetings of this Group in Tbilisi (Georgia), Dushanbe (Tajikistan), and Baku (Azerbaijan)
- with participation of officials from the transit states, representatives of US federal agencies, road transport operators, major international organizations and finance institutions, etc. During the meetings participants discussed main challenges and prospects of creating an alternative secure and efficient transport corridor for executing of deliveries from Europe and China to Afghanistan for the needs of peacekeeping contingent based in the country.
As part of its activities targeted at realization of the project IRU developed several analytical reports: ″Road Transport from Europe and China to Afghanistan″ - focused on main issues for development and intensification of road transport shipments to Afghanistan; ″TIR in Central Asia″ – dedicated to the functioning of TIR system in the Central Asian states; ″Analytical study on backhaul from Afghanistan″ – focused on main prospects and possibilities of return shipments from Afghanistan.